One Hundred and Counting

Document created by Gary E Moore on Jul 31, 2020
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Historians often celebrate milestone events such as the 50th or 100th anniversary of an important happening. In 2014 we celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Smith-Lever Act that provided for a national system of Extension. In 2017 we celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Smith-Hughes Act which provided federal support for the teaching of agriculture in the public schools.

Last week the Friday Footnote achieved a milestone – the 100th Footnote. So, we are going to have a brief celebration but more importantly, we are providing educators with an index of the past Footnotes. In case you have recently started getting the Footnote or might have missed some along the way, this index along with active links might be useful.

With the start of school this fall you might want to brush up on some of the unknown or forgotten history of agricultural education to augment your teaching. With numerous schools operating virtually, there might even be some Footnotes that you might assign as readings to your students.

How did the Friday Footnote get started?

 Two years ago, in July I was heading to Remington, Indian (from North Carolina) to speak at the Fountain Park Chautauqua. Along the way I stopped at several historic camp meeting grounds in Kentucky. Then I detoured through Danville, Illinois.

At one time many of the agricultural education textbooks came from Interstate Printers and Publishers in Danville. The Chapter Supply Company, an early supplier of FFA paraphernalia, was also headquartered in Danville as was the American Farm Youth magazine. I wanted to learn more about these important players in the history of agricultural education.

While in Danville I interviewed a long-time employee of Interstate and visited with the daughter of the founder of the Chapter Supply Company. I also spent half a day in the Danville Public library researching these businesses. I discovered an article about the Russian plagiarism of a book published by Interstate (the Russians just reprinted the book in Russian)   I found this plagiarism to be so interesting that I just had to share my discovery with someone.

So, the idea came to me to send it out to the NAAE and AAAE listserves. I did and called it the Friday Footnote. The responses I received to the posting were positive, so I decided to continue to share my research and knowledge of the profession. We are now 100 Footnotes later. And looking forward to the next 100.

In keeping with the theme of this Footnote the following are some of the milestones:

  • 1st Footnote – Russia, Plagiarism and Agricultural Education
  • 25th Footnote – Don’t You Just Want Me for Me? – Authored by Breanna Holbert, the first Female African American National FFA President. She shared her experiences.
  • 50th Footnote – The Death of Mrs. Henry Groseclose – Introduced the readers to the 2nd Mrs. Henry Groseclose who died in 2019.
  • 75th Footnote – In the Room Where it Happened – Personal experiences of those involved in the effort to rewrite the FFA creed in 1989-90.
  • 100th Footnote – Black Blizzards – Describes the impact of the Dust Bowl on agriculture and how this led to the creation of the Soil Conservation Service.

How does one get the Friday Footnote?

 Originally, I sent the Footnote out to the listservs associated with the National Association of Agricultural Educators (NAAE) and the American Association for Agricultural Education (AAAE). I still do. Most readers receive the Footnote from being subscribed to one of these listservs. If someone forwards the Footnote to you, you can go to this link for information on how to join the NAAE listserv or to this link to join the AAAE listserve. I also maintain a small mailing list for retirees and others interested in receiving the Friday Footnote. You can drop me a note at to be added to my mailing list.

Shortly after starting the Friday Footnote the NAAE asked me to also post the Footnotes on the Communities of Practice. Therefore, you can find copies of the Footnotes at

I also archive all the Footnotes at At this site you can search for individual words found in the Footnotes. If you are trying to find a past Footnote and remember the word Utah, or Stimson, or NFA, etc. just type the word in the search box and you will be able to retrieve the Footnote.

How Can You Participate in the Friday Footnote?

Even though I write the majority of the Footnotes, I welcome guest contributors. Sometimes I ask individuals with specialized knowledge of an event to serve as guest editors. Then there are times when people just send me something they believe would be of interest to the profession. I make every effort to publish these unsolicited contributions and welcome them.

If you would like to contribute a potential Footnote, I would encourage you to do so. Or if you have a suggestion or idea for a Footnote, please pass that on to me.

The guidelines I try to follow (not always successfully) are:

  • Limit text to 4 single spaced pages (not counting references or pictures)
  • Include 3-6 photographs or illustration
  • Have 3-5 references in case people want to delve deeper into the material
  • Depending on the content, at times teaching ideas or tips are appropriate

Who is the Friday Footnote Curator?

As I was writing this Footnote, I realized that some of you might not know who I am. In case you don’t, let me introduce myself. I am Gary Moore. I grew up in Central Texas and obtained a B.S. degree in Agricultural Education from Tarleton State University. I then taught high school agriculture at Medicine Lodge High School (KS) (1969-70) and Fort Frye High School (OH) (1970-73). I then spent a couple of years as a graduate teaching associate at Ohio State where I obtained a Masters and Doctorate in Agricultural Education.

After graduating from Ohio State, I taught at Alabama A&M University (1975-76), Purdue University (1976-1982), Louisiana State University (1982-1989), and North Carolina State University (1989-2017).  I retired from university life in 2017 but not from the profession.

During my university career I conducted research primarily on teacher effectiveness, SAE, distance education, and historical and philosophical aspects of agricultural education. I was active in professional organizations serving as national president of Alpha Tau Alpha, the American Vocational Education Research Association, the American Association for Agricultural Education, and the Association of Career and Technical Education.

I stay involved in the profession by curating the Friday Footnote (a curator is a keeper or custodian of a museum or other collection) and speaking at a variety of professional conferences. If you want to know where I speak or what I speak about go to Some of my topics might surprise you.

I consider it an honor and privilege to share my knowledge with you. But the greatest thrill is searching for materials to share with you. When I was teaching full time, I didn’t take the time to dig into the past as much as I desired to do. Now I get to do that. Thank you for allowing me to do that.

What follows is an index of all past Friday Footnotes. I have also attached the following Word document Index of Friday Footnotes 7.31.2020. The titles of the Footnotes are live links.

Index of Friday Footnotes

#DateFriday Footnote TitleAuthorSynopsis of Footnote
18/3/2018Russia, Plagiarism and Agricultural EducationGary MooreTells about the Russian Plagiarism of an Interstate agricultural textbook
28/10/2018The Womens Land ArmyGary MooreDescribes the Womens Land Army of World War I and II
38/17/2018The American Farm Youth MagazineGary MooreLooks at an early youth orientated magazine popular with FFA members
48/24/2018Songs of the New Farmers of AmericaGary MooreIdentifies songs popular with the New Farmers of America
58/31/2018The 4-H & FFA Postage StampsGary MooreContains information about the U.S. Postal Service 4-H and FFA stamps and their first day covers
69/7/2018Rosenwald SchoolsGary MooreDescribes the building of 5,000 schools in the South for children of color with matching funds from Julius Rosenwald
79/14/2018The First FFA ManualGary MooreFocuses on information in the first FFA manual and the subsequent changes
89/21/2018The Wise Owl ClubJim ConnorsDiscusses an early eye safety program
99/28/2018I Hear the Train a CominGary MooreDescribes pre-extension demonstration trains that carried agricultural knowledge to rural America
1010/5/2018The Green HandGary MooreA juvenile novel and movie written about a wayward youth, FFA saves the day
1110/12/2018What is a Staddle StoneGary MooreLooks at agricultural education in England, especially the Young Farmers’ Clubs
1210/19/2018The Mystery of the FFA EmblemGary MooreDescribes how the FFA emblem came to be
1310/26/2018The Poor Scholar’s SoliloquyStephen CoreyA thought provoking articles about the value of education that first appeared in Childhood Education in 1944.
1411/2/2018Origins of the FFA CeremoniesGary MooreLooks at the influence of the Masons on the FFA Ceremonies
1511/9/2018The Yellow DogsGary MooreExplores a “secret” agricultural education society.
1611/16/2018The FFA SweetheartGary Moore, Jillian FordA look at the past and present of FFA sweethearts
1711/23/2018When an Old Man Gets to ThinkingGary MooreA 1920s era poem about the truly important things in life
1811/30/2018Tom of Peace ValleyGary MooreDescribes a juvenile novel written in 1925 about vocational agriculture and a corn club
1912/7/2018The Answer is NOT AmazonGary MooreIdentifies sources for obtaining FFA Paraphernalia in the early days of FFA
2012/14/2018Joe Writes SantaE. V. WaltonA humorous 1950 era story about Joe Scatterscrew, a fictious ag teacher
211/4/2019The Massachusetts Situation – The Fight to Allow Girls in the FFA BeginsGary MooreFocuses on early attempts to allow females to be in the FFA
221/11/2019The Massachusetts Situation – a Profile in CourageGary MooreIntroduces the Massachusetts state ag ed supervisor – Rufus Stimson
231/18/2019The Massachusetts Situation – The Rest of the StoryGary Moore, Frankie FarbotkoDescribes the 1930 era compromise that allowed females to belong to the FFA at the state level
241/25/2019The Age of Aquarius – the 1960s and Girls in the FFAGary MooreEvents in the 1960s leading to females obtaining FFA membership
252/1/2019Don’t You Just Want Me for Me?Breanna HolbertThe first Female African American National FFA President shares her experiences
262/8/2019The New Farmers of AmericaGary MooreA quiz about your knowledge of the New Farmers of America (NFA)
272/15/2019The “Merger” of the FFA and NFAGary MooreEvents leading to the merger of the FFA and NFA
282/22/2019Forty Long YearsGary MooreFocuses on Ag Ed/FFA/NFA concerns from the African American perspective
293/1/2019Through the Looking GlassGary MooreViews of diverse agricultural educators regarding the NFA-FFA merger
303/8/2019The Final ActGary MooreDescribes the convention at which the FFA/NFA merger occurred
313/15/2019Future Indian Farmers of AmericaGary MooreDescribes a youth agricultural organization for Native Americans
323/22/2019Down on the FarmGary MooreThe story of the U. S. Boys Working Reserve during World War I
333/29/2019George Washington and the FFAJim ConnorsA look at the relationship between George Washington and the FFA
344/5/2019Booker T. Washington and the NFAGary MooreA look at the life of Booker T. Washington and his agricultural ties


354/12/2019The FFA Pilgrimage to Jefferson’s MonticelloJim ConnorsA description of the FFA pilgrimage to Monticello – the home of Thomas Jefferson
364/19/20291862 Land Grant CollegesGary MooreAn in-depth examination of the 1862 Morrill Act and the results
374/26/2019The 1890 & 1994 Land Grant CollegesGary MooreA look at the 1890 Morrill Act and the awarding of land grant status to Native American institutions in 1994
385/3/2019Livestock ChainsGary MooreAn examination of various livestock and poultry chains in the 4-H and FFA
395/10/2019The FFA Slogan???Gary MooreDoes the FFA have a slogan?
405/17/2019The Successful Leader of Tomorrow is …Jim ConnorsIdentification of former FFA members who have attained major elective offices
415/24/2019In RemembranceGary MooreRemembering FFA members who lost their lives in service to America
425/31/2019FFA Contributions to Winning World War IIGary MooreActivities of FFA & NFA members and chapters to support the war effort
436/7/2019D-Day and FFA MembersGary MooreTrue stories of FFA members who were involved in D-Day/
446/14/2019The FFA Flyboys of World War IIGary MooreStories of former FFA members who served in the air during WWII
456/21/2019FFA Conventions During World War IIGary MooreDescribes the scaled down FFA conventions during WWII
466/28/2019The Victory ConventionGary MooreFFA members celebrated the end of WWII with a special convention
477/5/2019The FFA Service FlagGary MooreThe National FFA and some chapters had Military Service Flags during WWII.
487/12/2019When Johnny Comes Marching HomeGary MooreExplores the Institutional On-Farm Training Program conducted by ag teachers after WWII for returning veterans.
497/19/2019A Corn Crib in IllinoisGary MooreDescribes the discovery of a cache of FFA memorabilia in Danville, Illinois
507/26/2019The Death of Mrs. Henry GrosecloseGary MooreIntroduces the readers to the 2nd Mrs. Henry Groseclose who died in 2019
518/2/2019When Johnny Comes Marching Home, Verse 2Gary MooreDescribes how the GI Bill impacted collegiate level agricultural education programs.
528/9/2019Victory GardensEmma Cannon, Victoria
Brewer, Barbara Kirby, Joy Morgan
Explains the FFA and 4-H Victory Garden program during WWII
538/16/2019School-Community CanneriesGary MooreLooks at school canneries – past and present
548/23/2019Joe Scatterscrew – Organizing for a New YearE. V. WaltonJoe Scatterscrew plans for a new school year.
558/30/2019Did the Smith-Hughes Act REALLY Start the Teaching of Agricultural Education?Gary MooreLooks at the impact of the Hatch Act (1887) on the development of Agricultural Education
569/6/2019Alfred C. TrueJim ConnorsIntroduces the profession to the unrecognized “Father” of Agricultural Education
579/13/2019Who is Henry C. Grosecose?Gary MooreDescribes the life of the “Father” of the FFA
589/20/2019The Henry Groseclose/FFA  MuseumGary MooreShowcases the Groseclose/FFA Museum in Ceres, Virginia
599/27/2019Thomas Monroe Campbell and the Tuskegee Movable SchoolGary MooreDescribes early extension efforts at Tuskegee Institution.
6010/4/2019The Founders of the New Farmers of AmericaGary MooreExamines the life of H. O. Sargent and George Washington Owens
6110/11/2019Celebrating 100 Years of the American Farm Bureau Federation – Part IGary MooreLooks at the early close relationship between Extension and Farm Bureaus
6210/18/2019The Farm Bureau – Part II – The DivorceGary MooreDescribes the events that led to the separation of the Farm Bureau from the Extension Service
6310/25/2019The Farm Bureau – Part III – Today’s Farm BureauGary MooreLooks at activities of the Farm Bureau today of which Agricultural Educators should be aware
6411/1/2019The White CityJim ConnorsLooks at the agriculture exhibits at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1892-93
6511/8/2019Farmers InstitutesGary MooreDescribes agricultural institutes which were early adult education meetings
6611/15/2019Boys’ Corn ClubsGary MooreThe history of boy’s corn clubs, the forerunner for 4-H and FFA
6711/22/2019Girls’ Tomato and Canning ClubsGary MooreThe history of girl’s tomato clubs
6811/29/2019Thanksgiving ThoughtsGary MooreReflections on a teaching assignment in a Nigerian agricultural college
6912/6/2019Agriculture in the ClassroomDebra SpielmakerExplains how the Ag in Classroom program came into existence
7012/13/2019Presidents and National FFA ConventionsJim ConnorsLists the various U. S. Presidents who have spoken at the FFA Convention
7112/20/2019Follow-Up to the Friday Footnote from Last Week – Presidents & FFA ConventionJim ConnorsProvides additional information about FFA conventions and the Presidents
721/10/2020A Bad New YearE. V. WaltonThe hapless Joe Scatterscrew experiences a fire in the agricultural building
731/17/2020The Origins and Revisions of the FFA CreedGary MooreExplores the original FFA creed and later revisions
741/24/2020The Failed Revision of the FFA CreedGary MooreLooks at the 1989-90 attempt to rewrite the FFA Creed and why the attempt
751/31/2020In the Room Where it HappenedGary MoorePersonal experiences of those involved in the effort to rewrite the creed
762/7/2020Follow the LeaderGary MooreLooks at the creeds of other Career and Technical Student Organizations
772/14/2020The Ag Teachers CreedGary MooreLooks at the Ag Teachers Creeds and early teacher creeds
782/21/2020Creeds Associated with the Extension ServiceGary MooreCreeds of various Extension groups
792/28/2020The Farm Boy Cavaliers of AmericaGary MooreExamines an agricultural youth organization found in 30 states during the 1920s
803/6/2020The West Virginia, FFA Ham. Bacon and Egg Show and SaleHarry & Deborah BooneA West Virginia tradition going back to 1941
813/13/2020Cal Farley’s Boys RanchGary MooreThe story of a special agricultural school in Texas for boys who needed “a shirttail to hang to.”
823/20/2020Three Boys Ranch AlumniChanda NealFocuses on three Boys Ranch FFA alumni who attained prominence
833/27/2020The Farm Cadets of New YorkGary MooreA New York program started in 1917 to get youth to volunteer to work on farms to win the war
844/3/2020Where Did Thomas Jefferson Go?Gary MooreExamines how Thomas Jefferson gradually disappeared from FFA ceremonies
854/10/2020Joe Scatterscrew ConfessesE. V. WaltonA humorous story of the trouble Joe got into while in college
864/17/2020Idaho Industrial InstituteJim ConnorsFocuses on an early agricultural school in Idaho
874/24/2020Here By The OwlGary MooreVarious renditions of the owl associated with the FFA Advisor (and controversies)
885/1/2020We Have Been Here BeforeGary MooreHow the polio epedimic in the early 1930-1960 era impacted the FFA and 4-H
895/8/2020Teaching Agriculture at a Distance – 1940s StyleDavid LaatschNational Farm Youth Foundation correspondence classes in farm management
905/15/2020Much More than ChocolateNick IsenbergMilton Hershey School in Pennsylvania
915/22/2020The Good, the Bad, and the UglyGary MooreHazing in the FFA
925/29/2020Non-Constitutional FFA OfficersJim ConnorsExamines the FFA “optional officers” –  the Parliamentarian, Historian and Chaplin
936/5/2020Mysteries of the SentinelJim ConnorsDelves into the history of the FFA Sentinel (i.e. the Farm Watch Dog)
946/12/2020The Jewish Agricultural SocietyGary MooreDocuments the activities of this Society to encourage and enable Jews to be farmers
956/19/2020The Future Jewish Farmers of America ???Gary MooreA history of the Baron de Hirsch Agricultural School in Woodbine, NJ
966/26/2020Jews and Farming in AmericaLori Shaller & Judith RosenbaumExamines the four “eras” of Jewish farming in America
977/3/2020The Sanitary PrivyGary MooreDescribes the Federal Government’s Depression era WPA Privy Building Program
987/10/2020The Night the Lights Came OnGary MooreLooks at the Rural Electrification Administration and bringing electricity to rural America
997/17/2020The Night the Lights Came On – True StoriesGary MooreDescribes the reactions of rural people as they first got electricity
1007/24/2020Black Blizzards


Gary MooreThe Dust Bowl events leading to the creation of the Soil Conservation Service
1017/31/2020One Hundred and CountingGary MooreContains an index of all the previous Friday Footnotes