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Friday Notes is designed to enhance communication among various agricultural sectors, educators, students, and the public who are interested in a variety of plant, animal, food, and environmental issues. Friday Notes advocates the pursuit of credible, unbiased, science-based information. Material contained in linked articles is from the original authors and does not necessarily reflect the views of CAST.

In This Issue...... Click to Read
New Board Members Add Expertise--P. 2
Animal Agriculture News
Food Science and Safety News
Plant and Environment News
International News
General Interest News
Rainbow Grain Bin
Harvest time must be approaching as a double rainbow lit up this grain operation on the Great Plains. And at this time of year, Happy Labor Day weekend to those in the U.S. 
 USDA Wants Input 
The USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture seeks stakeholder input regarding food and agriculture priorities.
   Join Us at the  
World Food Prize
During a special morning session on Oct. 17, CAST will present the 2018 Borlaug CAST Communication Award to Dr. Marty Matlock. Watch for details.
 IFIC Gathering
The International Food Information Council will host the "Food Innovation Summit" September 21 in Washington, D.C. 
Teach Ag Day
naee.orgThe ninth annual National Teach Ag Day celebration will take place September 20, as the nation recognizes the important role agriculture teachers play in our schools and communities.

Scholarship Contest
College students can win more than $25,000 in scholarships while advocating for agriculture in the Animal Agriculture Alliance's 10th annual College Aggies Online competition.
 Aid Programs
The U.S. Agency for International Development awarded $21.9 million to end global hunger and povertythrough three Kansas State University programs.
Submit an Idea
TeeEverWe welcome suggestions for future CAST publications and projects. Click here to submit ideas.
   Catch CAST Online! us on social media tostay up to date on the latest ag trends and recent CAST news!
August 31, 2018
  The Big Ag Show
   Science, innovation, policy, and entertainment
The 2018 Farm Progress Show in Boone, Iowa,  delivered again--innovative machinery, the latest crop science, political announcements, and weather that ranged from torrential rain to perfect late-summer sunshine. The event provided plenty of entertainment also. Attendees could race miniature cars, tap putt-putt golf balls, and watch a couple of Guinness record events. Performances included the Peterson Brothers (see related links and photo below). The following articles provide just a sampling of the various events: 
Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue, along with Undersecretary Bill Northey, told attendees the administration is committed to making year-round E15 ethanol sales a reality, and they hope to resolve international trade disputes in a way that does not cause irreparable economic damage to agriculture.     
The "floating tractor" attracted even more attention after a sudden downpour during the first day of the show. Special tires help the tractor cruise on water.   
Experts from the Weed Science Society of America released information about systemwide strategies for protecting soybean export values by reducing weed seeds in harvested soybean crops.      
   News and Views 
U.S.-Mexico Trade Proposal:  Although details are still coming to light, analysts discussed the proposed U.S.-Mexico trade deal
Farm Income Forecast:  The USDA net farm income, a broad measure of profits, is forecast to decrease from 2017 to 2018.   
WFP Research Award:  The World Food Prize Foundation announced that Dr. Matthew Rouse, a USDA-ARS researcher, is the winner of the 2018 Norman Borlaug Award for Field Research and Application.     
Fighting Food Waste:  Researchers say food waste could rise substantially by 2030 when more than 2 billion tons will be binned. The U.N. set a goal to cut waste in two, but current trends are alarming. Watch for details regarding the upcoming CAST rollout of the research paper Food Loss and Waste.   
Farm Aid Policy:  Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue announced details of actions the USDA will take to assist farmers in response to trade damage from retaliation by foreign nations. 
         News from the Far Side of the Barn
petersons at farm show_ melissasly
The Peterson Brothers delivered positive vibes about agriculture at this year's Farm Progress Show. Along with a safety focus--Call Before Ya Dig--they did favorites such as Chore. Considering the rain the day before, maybe they should have performed Tractorstuck, their homage to mud and machines. 
Flying the Coop (video):  Want to learn what freedom looks like? Then ride on the wings of Liberty, the bald eagle.
Footballers' Food:  The average player of this NFL team consumes 4,000 calories per day, but some eat much more. What does it take to feed an NFL team for a week?       
No, You Can't Eat Just One:  Time to consider the "manifest destiny" of potato chips and the place this snack holds in the national iconography.      
           New CAST Board Members       
The CAST organization relies on expert input from many sources, and board members are key in helping promote CAST's mission of communicating credible information. New board members include the following:     
jamie eichorn      
 Jamie Eichorn, Head of Seedcare North America Syngenta,  
 will be on the CAST Board of Trustees.   
Nandini Mendu   
Nandini Mendu, North Carolina Biotechnology Center,  
will be on the CAST Board of Representatives.       
Amy Ferriter, Crop Production Services representing  
Aquatic Plant Management Society, will be on
the CAST Board of Representatives.
 A Chance to Make a Difference 
cast donate page pic  
CAST's success in countering misinformation and continuing as a voice for sound science in the  
future--as we have in the past--depends on your membership and donations. Click here to help.  
Globe (TopLatestNews)
Friday Notes News Categories
Photos courtesy of the Agricultural Research Service (top masthead); TopLatest News (globe at right). P. 1 teach ag image from, grain bin pic from, Farm Progress pic from YouTube, and Peterson Bros. photo from Melissa Sly. Animal Sec. giraffe pic from Food Sec. vending pic from Plant Sec. corn pic from Inter. Sec. boat pic from Gen. Sec. reef pic from Unless otherwise noted, photos courtesy of the USDA Agricultural Research Service.     
   Baby Chicks 
       Animal Agriculture and Environmental News
A baby giraffe shows how to enjoy the day while kicking up its heels
Healthy Hen (video):  This Iowa egg farmer describes the behavior of healthy hens with top animal welfare practices used on his farm.   
BSE Reported:  The USDA discovered a cow in Florida infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy. No meat from it entered the human food supply. BSE cases in the United States are rare. 
BSE Reaction (opinion):  This writer explains why the BSE report did not cause unwarranted consumer or market reaction due to the safety and quality of American beef
Pig News:  The National Swine Registry updated the policy on over-aging purebred pigs, and this veterinarian explains the pros and cons of batch farrowing
What Is Meat?  A Missouri labeling law says meat comes from an animal--some disagree.
Racehorse Risk:  A recent vote to fund a project at the University of Kentucky will examine inflammatory and anti-inflammatory markers as early indicators for potential catastrophic injury in racehorses. 
The Wild West?  Cattle rustling, a signature crime of the Old West, has returned to Texas--and the thefts take on many forms
Buzzing with Opportunity:  Veterinarians are trained to handle patients with four legs, two legs, and sometimes no legs, but a new federal regulation requiring vets to examine and treat honeybee colonies is under staffed and Cornell is finding a way to fill the void.

 Salmonella (FSIS) 
    Food Science and Safety News
meat vending
 Vending machines offer everything  
The Egg Breaker (videos):  This assembly line of egg cracking leads to the separation of almost 20,000 eggs per hour
From Pond to Plate (video): Boiled or fried? However you like your shrimp, Texas's largest shrimp farmer has you covered
Hamming It Up:  This is no ordinary slab of meat on a platter--the 2018 grand champion ham of the Kentucky State Fair was sold for a record $2.8 million.   
Calories Count:  Cornell researchers found that when sit-down restaurants listed their menu calories, consumers cut their consumption in appetizers and entrees.    
Gen Z:  This survey analyzed the impact Generation Z will have on the food industry through their views on health and wellness--and the distribution of retail products.          
Food for a Cause:  Ever wonder what happens to all the leftover food that goes unsold at the Iowa State Fair? This year's vendors donated more than 5,500 pounds of food to the Food Bank of Iowa.  
 Plant Agriculture and Environmental News
Iowa State scientists used crowdsourcing to help formulate an algorithm used to teach machineshow to identify tassels of corn plants in photographic images.
Driverless Tractor (video):  The 2018 Farm Progress Show had a little bit of everything in farming technology, including a driverless tractor.  
Soybeans 101:  This overview tries to provide answers to everything you wanted to know about soybeans.             
Fatty-acid Discovery:  A team led by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln identified two new fatty acids in the seed oil of a flowering plant native to central China. 
Plant Protein:  According to research from North Carolina State University, plant cellular complex plays an important role in plant processes, as well as in how plants may have adapted to respond to environmental signals. 
Beating The Heat:  This University of Missouri Extension agronomist says livestock producers can stretch their short supply of hay this year by using a simple ammonia treatment on bales.
Rice Increase:  Mississippi growers will produce about 20% more rice this year, mostly thanks to additional acres planted over 2017's total.  
  World and Plug (SFGate) 
    International News   
scallops war_
Scallops War: French and British fishermen clashed in the English Channel over the tasty shellfish.
What's Cookin' on the Street? (video):  An Indian filmmaker has made his dad's village cooking into a YouTube sensation.
Testing Rice for Heat Tolerance:  Researchers in Thailand exposed three types of rice seeds to varying temperatures for one to two weeks in order to investigate their heat tolerance in a world of increasingly warmer temperatures. 
Pest Alert:  A new project is aimed at using state-of-the-art technology to help inform farmers in Africa of pest outbreaks that could devastate their crops and livelihoods. 
African Ag Innovation:  Although Africa has a rapidly growing population and an alarming number of undernourished people, there is enormous potential for innovation to transform agriculture, bring in jobs, and strengthen food security.     
Soil Convention in Rio:  More than 2,000 scientists gathered in Rio de Janeiro under the theme "Soil Science: Beyond Food and Fuel" for a week of exploring the increasingly complex, diverse role of soils.
Swine Fever Update:  The rapid onset of the deadly African swine fever in China has been detected in several far-separated locations.

  General Interest News
It may not be the Great Barrier Reef, but a giant deep-sea coral reef system was found off the South Carolina coast. 
She-I-O (video):  In an effort to recognize female farmers on Women's Equality Day, Land O'Lakes recently launched a new music video version of "Old McDonald Had a Farm."
Blame the Plankton:  In recent decades, Lake Tahoe has grown murkier, and people blame the usual suspects such as tourism, development, and drought. UC-Davis experts believe there could be another culprit. 
Disinformation about Vaccines (opinion):  Mark Lynas says trolls and social media bots have been promoting misinformation about vaccines in an effort to sow mistrust and division.      
Farms, Kids, and Safety:  According to this report, from 2001 to 2015, 48% of all fatal injuries to young workersoccurred in agriculture.
Football Safety:  A Mississippi State research program is receiving $20,000 for testing a product to improve safety for football players--specifically looking at faceguards.  
Cannibalistic Worms:  A team of geneticists found that young worms consume their own intestines so they can continue to produce eggs even when food is scarce.  
CAST Information
YouTubeCheck out CAST's page at the YouTube site to view highly regarded ag-science videos about probiotics, food safety, and water issues--or the latest video dealing with proposed mandatory labeling of GMO food items.

CAST provides Friday Notes as a benefit to its members.  Please do not forward, edit, copy, or distribute the Notes in any form to nonmembers without the express permission of the CAST Executive Vice President Kent Schescke ( Instead, please encourage your colleagues to join CAST and thereby become eligible for all membership benefits. Contact Colleen Hamilton at 515-292-2125, ext. 224 or, or CLICK HERE for CAST membership information.

Societies, Companies, and Nonprofit Organizations
Serving on the CAST Board of Representatives
* Agricultural & Applied Economics Association 
* American Association of Avian Pathologists 
American Association of Bovine Practitioners  
* American Bar Association, Section of Environment, Energy, & Resources-Agricultural Management    
* American Dairy Science Association  
* American Farm Bureau Federation  
* American Meat Science Association  
* American Meteorological Society, Committee on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
* American Seed Trade Association 
* American Society for Nutrition Nutritional Sciences Council    
* American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 
* American Society of Agronomy  
* American Society of Animal Science   
* American Society of Plant Biologists                                      world supported by plants and animals
* American Veterinary Medical Association
* Aquatic Plant Management Society
* BASF Corporation
* Corteva Agriscience, Agriculture Division of DowDuPont   
* Croplife America  
* Crop Science Society of America                                                                       
* Entomological Society of America 
* Innovation Center for U.S. Dairy 
* Land O'Lakes                                   
* Monsanto
* National Corn Growers Association/Iowa Corn Promotion Board
* National Milk Producers Federation                                                                                        
* National Pork Board
* North Carolina Biotechnology Center       
* North Central Weed Science Society
* Northeastern Weed Science Society                              
* Poultry Science Association                                                    
* Society for In Vitro Biology 
* Soil Science Society of America                          
* Syngenta Crop Protection 
* The Fertilizer Institute 
* Tyson Foods    
* United Soybean Board  
* Weed Science Society of America  
* Western Society of Weed Science
CAST assembles, interprets, and communicates credible, science-based information regionally, nationally, and internationally to legislators, regulators, policymakers, the media, the private sector, and the public.   
Members of CAST's Education Program


* Cal Poly-San Luis Obispo
* Cornell University
* Iowa State University  
* Kansas State University 
* Mississippi State University      
* North Carolina State University   
* Texas A&M University College of Ag & Life Sciences   
* The Ohio State University  
* Tuskegee University    
* University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture 
* University of California-Davis    
* University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences 
* University of Kentucky   
* University of Nebraska Agricultural Research Division                                      
* University of Nevada-Reno College of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Natural Resources  
Note: Land O'Lakes provides sponsorship for the distribution of
Friday Notes to the National Association of Agricultural Educators.
CAST Logo Jan 2010
Dan Gogerty (Managing Communications Editor)  
Kylie Peterson (Communications and Social Media Specialist) 
The Council for Agricultural Science and Technology
4420 West Lincoln Way
Ames, Iowa  50014-3447
Phone: 515-292-2125, ext. 222 (Dan) and 230 (Kylie)
**  With assistance from Carol Gostele (Managing Scientific Editor)  

This is a feature from the August 2018 edition of NAAE’s News & Views Newsletter. To read News & Views in its entirety, please visit this link.


Being an agriculture teacher really is the BEST. CAREER. EVER. Yes, there are days that make us question our sanity. There are struggles and misfortunes that occasionally leave us feeling defeated, as with any other profession. What makes our job worth it, though, is the profound impact we are able to make in the lives of our students each and every day. We equip the future with knowledge and skills that are necessary to be successful in postsecondary education, the workforce, and life in general.


It is for this reason that agriculture teachers stay in the profession for a lifetime. Jill Shrum, former agriculture teacher at Hendersonville High School, in Hendersonville, Tennessee, spent her 20 year teaching career molding her students into critical thinkers and problem solvers. Prior to her retirement, she also served in many roles both inside and outside of the classroom. Shrum was a mentor for eight student teachers from Middle Tennessee State University, the University of Tennessee at Martin, and Western Kentucky University. She also helped to train new teachers across the state through a variety of workshops that focused on curriculum design, hands-on learning, and classroom management.


Since 1997, she led a statewide event called “Flowers on the Hill,” that brought members of the Tennessee Association of Agricultural Educators and the Tennessee FFA Association together to lobby for agricultural education in Tennessee. This event not only provided an avenue for teachers, students and stakeholders to advocate for agricultural education, but also served as an experiential learning opportunity for Shrum’s students. Each year, her students created floral arrangements for each of the 133 Tennessee legislators and Governor and delivered the arrangements themselves. Through this experience, Shrum’s students gained practical knowledge, while they also made a difference in educational policy in the state of Tennessee.


Shrum’s contributions to the agricultural education profession are the reasons she was named the 2017 NAAE Region V Lifetime Achievement award winner. Her diligence in and out of the classroom made a difference in the lives of her students and colleagues. She truly set an example for current and aspiring agriculture teachers to mentor, motivate, and make a difference throughout their careers.


NAAE recognizes retired NAAE members who have made significant contributions to agricultural education at the state, regional, and national levels with Lifetime Achievement Award. This program is sponsored by Ford as a special project of the National FFA Foundation. For more information about this award category, and to see the other 2017 Lifetime Achievement award winners, follow this link.


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This is a feature from the August 2018 edition of NAAE’s News & Views Newsletter. To read News & Views in its entirety, please visit this link.


Hello NAAE Members,

Well, it’s that time of year again when we welcome students back to our classrooms with the excitement of agriculture and the role it plays in our daily lives. I want to share with you an excerpt from an article I read on, on how teachers make a difference and change the lives of their students in three aspects.


1. Education -- A great teacher makes learning fun, as stimulating, engaging lessons are pivotal to a student’s academic success. Some students who are more prone to misbehavior, truancy or disengagement are more dependent on an engaging teacher. Making your classroom an exciting environment for learning will hold the students’ fascination, and students learn best when they are both challenged and interested. It’s part of motivating students, which may not be easy, but which will benefit students immeasurably in the long run.


2. Inspiration -- Inspiring students is integral to ensuring their success and encouraging them to fulfill their potential. Students who are inspired by their teachers can accomplish amazing things, and that motivation almost always stays with them. Inspiration can also take many forms, from helping a pupil through the academic year and their short-term goals, to guiding them towards their future career. Years after graduation, many working professionals will still cite a particular teacher as the one who fostered their love of what they currently do and attribute their accomplishments to that educator.


3. Guidance -- Teachers can also be a trusted source of advice for students weighing important life decisions. Educators can help their pupils pursue higher education, explore career opportunities, and compete in events they might otherwise have not thought themselves able to. Students often look to their teachers as mentors with experience and knowledge and, as an educator, you will almost definitely be asked for advice at some point during your career.

-Excerpt from "Teachers Change Lives"

My topic this month is the importance of agriculture teachers in the classroom. I want to commend our agriculture teachers across the U.S. that go in to their classrooms each day to educate our students on the importance of agriculture and the major role agriculture plays in society.

Let’s take a moment and think about how the demographics have changed. Each year, fewer of our students are raised on family farms. I can attest that 30 plus years ago, when I was in high school, at least 50 to 60 percent of my classmates were directly related to production agriculture. Today, in that same geographic location, production agriculture families have decreased to around 10 to 15 percent. One of the struggles we have today in the classroom is trying to explain the importance of agriculture to a growing society that is not directly related to the production side of agriculture.

We, as educators, must always strive to explain the importance of agriculture and how we should also appreciate the American farmer who produces our food more efficiently in the US than any other country in the world. I tell my students each year; “No matter how important and successful you become, you will never escape agriculture. For without agriculture, you would be unclothed and hungry.” 

I want to personally encourage you to celebrate the National Teach Ag Day in your classroom on September 20th. If you will go to the NAAE home page and click on the Teach Ag pulldown, you will find lesson plans for either 40-50 minute class periods or 75-85 minute class periods. These lesson plans provide everyone with instructional materials to use in the classroom to promote agricultural education.

I want to encourage you to share with your students the current demand for agriculture teachers we are facing in the US and how they can be part of the best career ever. 

Our staff, board members, and officers have been very busy this summer attending regional summer conferences, making state visits, judging award applications, and working on the logistics for NAAE Convention in San Antonio, Texas. I want to congratulate the award winners and scholarship recipients on a job well done and I look forward to seeing you at convention. NAAE hopes that everyone is planning to attend the 2018 National Agricultural Education Summit, which will be held at the Grand Hyatt Hotel, just prior to the 2018 NAAE Convention and ACTE CareerTech Vision 2018.

Our staff and board members are gearing up for the September board meeting in Lexington, Kentucky on September 7th,8th and 9th. I would like to encourage our committee chairs to please try and have your virtual meetings done as soon as possible. Minutes from the regional meetings can be found on your committee page, which should help with the discussion topics you will bring before your 18 committee members. Please compile your recommendations from your virtual meeting for our board meeting. Please include Nick and I in your email call-in information for your virtual meetings, we want to stay informed on the direction the committee feels they need to move toward.

I want to thank you for your time and everything each of you do to help educate our students about agriculture and the importance it plays in our daily lives. I want to encourage you to reflect back on the article I shared with you from, and always remember you are making a difference in our future by inspiring one student at a time.


I hope you have a blessed year,


Jason Kemp
NAAE President Elect


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